Strict rules were placed on these Chinese to never be outside their settlement at night and they were not allowed to live outside of the gates that kept them virtual prisoners inside the gates. However at least the Chinese Settlement was on the mainland within Nagasaki City. The Dutch, who were the only other traders allowed to enter Japan at that time because their Religious beliefs were not as severe as others such as the Portuguese, had to live on an artificial island just off the mainland and weren't even allowed to step on the mainland itself, business had to be conducted on the island called Dejima.
Today a great walking course around the old areas of Nagasaki city exists and it is possible to step back in time and see how the Chinese lived in a limited way all those years ago. Well worth a stroll around the oldest area of the city and to look at the buildings erected centuries ago. If the old walls of the Old Chinese Settlement could talk you would be able to play a game of Chinese Whispers, the only question would be in whether you would understand the Chinese vocab in these ancient times?
See the Nagasaki Old Chinese settlement on a map!
Click on the pictures below to enlarge: